Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) Care
Acquired brain injury is complex injury with a broad spectrum of symptoms that can cause a number of impairments or disabilities. The impact of ABI on an individual and their family can be devastating, as it affects both physical, mental and emotional condition of the patient.
Although caring for someone with ABI can be difficult, Amber Home Carers can help families who find they have to cope with the unexpected effects of a sudden injury to the brain. Whether it’s providing a family with respite, personal care or assisting in nursing care, Amber can help.
What is Acquired Brain Injury?
Acquired brain injury is an inflicted injury to the brain that is caused by trauma – whether from the head violently hitting an object or an object piercing the skull or entering the brain. ABI are frequently found in members of the military who have served in war or victims of car accident, falls and sports injuries in people of all ages. Mild ABI, also known as a concussion, can cause temporary dysfunction of brain cells that may result in dizziness, memory, sensory or concentration problems. More serious brain injury can cause bruising, torn tissues, bleeding and other physical damage in the brain. This type of injury can result in an altered consciousness, seizures, infections, nerve damage, loss of coordination and control of bodily functions as well as cognitive and communication problems. It can also cause behavioural and emotional issues.
Following a mild brain injury, patients may experience loss of consciousness for a few seconds or minutes, dizziness or loss of balance, memory and concentration problems, headaches, mood and sleep changes, and sensitivity to light or sound.
Patients with moderate or severe brain injury may have any of these symptoms as well as profound confusion, agitation, slurred speech, convulsions, pupil dilation and loss of coordination. They may also lose control of bodily functions, have worsening headaches, and episodes of nausea and vomiting.
Acquired Brain Injury Treatment
Primary concerns when treating ABI are ensuring proper oxygen supply to the brain and body, as well as maintaining an adequate blood flow and managing blood pressure. There are medications and surgeries available to treat the symptoms of ABI but the most important treatment in many cases is rehabilitation. Patients may require services from a Psychiatrist, occupational and physical therapist, as well as speech therapist. Psychiatrists and social workers may help individuals and families to manage behaviour changes and learn coping strategies. Maintaining skin integrity (avoiding skin ulcers) and appropriate nutrition may also be challenges a person with ABI faces.
Home Care Services for ABI Patients and Families
Amber Home carers can help ABI patients and their families recover from the injury by assisting with Personal care, respite care.
A Care Plan for an appropriate level of care will be agreed with family members and other social and health professionals involved in treatment and recovery.